P1017: Engineering as an E in the learning cycle to meet NGSS content and engineering standards
The learning cycle is an instructional strategy that originated in the late 1950s and has been modified and extended since its introduction. Research has shown it to be an effective approach for teaching science to students. Several versions of the learning cycle use an “E approach”, i.e. the 3E model, 3E, model, or 7E model. An engineering activity can be one of the E’s (or an additional E) in the cycle. This paper describes how a learning cycle approach can be used to incorporate engineering practices into a chemistry course. As an example a series of learning cycle activities for a high school chemistry course addressing the topic of organic chemistry (NGSS: HS-PS2-6) along with teaching students some engineering practices will be presented. Student and teacher responses to the unit will also be discussed.